Collections § 13

National Reference Collection

Since 1996 a new term was introduced in the Dutch language: Collection of The Netherlands. This stands for the collective (physical) cultural heritage of all Dutch museums and private collections. The main collections of historical importance, those of aesthetic, art-historian value and specialist collections are the main ingredients of the Collection of The Netherlands. The Amsterdam Pipe Museum (former Pijpenkabinet) is part of this, since this museum is regarded as the leading institution on the history of tobacco use and pipe manufacturing in Holland.

The Pijpenkabinet collections are important for research in archaeology, history and history of art. All its museum objects are fully registered and documented, the pedigree and source is written down as far as possible, and therefore they act as a reference in identifying objects of unknown nature. Reference collections of different materials are especially needed in archaeological research. They don't need to be located on the same spot. As a whole they can form the National Reference Collection.

As an example the GeldMuseum (National Money Museum) in Utrecht acts as the reference collection for coins. For pipes coming from archaeological digs the Amsterdam Pipe Museum is the best address to get accurate information.

Unfortunately not for every kind of material good reference collections exist, but the two museums mentioned above act as a good example of the systematic and scientific approach.

For questions to the curator of the Amsterdam Pipe Museum click here to e-mail

early wooden pipes figural clay pipes
pr-columbian and American-Indian pipes
pipemaker's marks etnographic pipes
Dutch decorated pipes
stemmed clay pipes covers for pipes
the making of clay pipes
Cameroon pipes modern briar pipes
pijpen van porselein
painted porcelain pipes meerschaum cherootholders
pipes of various materials
waterpipes pipes from Asia
carved meerschaum pipes
carved briar pipes opium pipes and paraphernalia
cabinets with 300 drawers in which all the pipes are classified
drawer with marked Dutch clay tobacco pipes, 1620-1700
group pipes decorated in relief with basis shape 1 and 2, 1660-1740
the so-called farmers pipe with in relief a makers mark on the side of the bowl, the Netherlands, 1720-1800
clic here for a complete description file from the computer
collection of makers marks on basis shape 3 with oval bowl, the Netherlands, 1730-1900
click for objects from the Amsterdam Pipe Museum
early wooden pipes figural clay pipes
pr-columbian and American-Indian pipes
pipemaker's marks etnographic pipes
the so-called short izabé, the common pipe in Holland, 1860-1890
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