Stemmed pipes

Clay tobacco pipes from the nineteenth and early twentieth century are characterised by a short stem and a bowl elaborately decorated in relief. This fashion was introduced in France and was soon adapted by other production centres.

In Holland this type of pipe has never been that popular. The Dutch smoker was too traditional, and besides the pipe makers in Gouda had insufficient fantasy while the mould makers lacked the ability. To be able to offer at least a selection of these figural pipes, the more important Gouda makers bought press moulds for the French styled pipes in Belgium and France.

In France, however, the decorated pipe became a true rage. The decoration is worked out in hundreds of unexpected depictions. The best products were embellished with colourful enamel paint that makes the pipes conspicuous. When being smoked, the white pipe coloured from yellow to deep brown and as a result the appearance changed completely. Dark smoked clays became a status on its own.

The subjects strongly vary. Next to politically engaged decorations, historical depictions and representations from daily life occur. In the beginning the subjects are strongly related to cultural and social life, and the figural pipes were smoked to express the personal interest and social engagement. By the end of the nineteenth century the interest for figurals goes over to the less educated smokers, so the subject becomes less meaningful, more ordinary. The amusing pipe is just for fun, the smoker does not intend to express a deeper message.

The figural pipe disappears in the first quarter of the twentieth century when the cheap, mass produced briar pipes have a more luxurious appearance to the smokers.

short stemmed izabé, a popular tobacco pipe however without design, Gouda, the Netherlands, 1860-1900 tobacco pipes shapes as sleeves with on the base of the bowl a hand holding a pistol, firm Jan Prince & Cie, Gouda, the Netherlands, 1880-1895
soldier in traditional clothing, in the angle where stem and bowl meet a Stanhope glass, Pieter Goedewaagen, Gouda, the Netherlands, 1870-1880
advertisement pipe for Hulstkamp jenever showing a butler, firm P. Goedewaagen & Sons, Gouda, the Netherlands, 1900-1910
a jester painted in bright enamel coloursand with a long stem, France, 1860-1890
crude bowl of a long nose person in marbled glaze, Jean-Jacques Knoedgen, Brée, Belgium, 1890-1910
a big-nose on which a fly has landed, Belgium, 1900-1915
commemorative decoration showing the portrait of the young queen Wilhelmina, Wingender, Chokier, Belgium, 1890-1900
caricature man with a long nose with on the tip an insect, river Meuse region, Belgium, 1890-1900
bust of MacMahon, a French mould reused in Gouda, firm P. van der Want Gzn., Gouda, the Netherlands, 1900-1910
figural bowl of a negro head wearing a metal hat, firm Félix Wingender, Chokier, Belgium, 1880-1900
the motordriver a popular design from the turn of the century, firm Félix Wingender, Chokier, Belgium, 1900-1915
the murder of women and children in Delhi, firm L. Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1860-1880
a pipe bowl shaped as an urn with portrait in memory of Victor Hugo, Louis Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1885-1895
a local struggeling against a crocodile hidden in the bush, Louis Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1890-1900
an unusual decoration for a pipe: a child in front of a potty, firm L. Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1890-1900
a devil in a most unusual depicting, Louis Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1890-1900
Napoleon depicted on the evening of the battle of Austerlitz, firm J. Gambier, Givet, France, 1880-1900
caricatural portrait of a money lender with pince-nez, firm J. Gambier, Givet, France, 1870-1890
the complete pipe of the boy at the potty, firm Louis Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1890-1900
a helmet soldier along the stem of the pipe, the bowl shows a donjon, Edmé Gisclon, Lille, France, 1870-1880 an angle along the stem, its wings on the bowl sides, Louis Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1860-1890
a Chinese person in a traditional straw hat, Félix Wingender, Chokier, Belgium, 1880-1890 a creature in hunger, firm Duméril Leurs, Saint-Omer, France, 1850-1870
an unusual modelled fantasy portrait of a negro man with brass earrings, Duméril, Saint-Omer, France, 1870-1880
the portrait pipe of Adolphe Thiers with characteristic spectacles, Gambier, Givet, France, 1870-1875 La Romaine, a fashionable inhabitant of the city of Rome, firm J. Gambier, Givet, France, 1880-1900
a hand modeled portrait pipe of a homeless, Tanneveau, Bretagne, France, 1860-1890
pipe clay partly covered with red slib, firm Louis Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1870-1890 a general subject, the head of a Turk including long beard and turban, Gaissoni, Bretagne, France, 1860-1880
a funny looking pipe bowl of an English caricature, Louis Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1870-1880
a fox with on the heel grapes and a wingerd on both bowl sides, Duméril, Saint-Omer, France, 1870-1880
a darkened bowl showing a horse head with colourfull enamel, Gambier, Givet, France, 1900-1910
a meerschaum coloured tobacco pipe with on the heel a naturalistic coloured bee, Belgium, 1870-1890
a fantasy pipe showing a big fish and a monkey, marked Noël, firm J. Gambier, Givet, France, 1890-1910
tobacco pipe shaped as the bird's head with the long beak being the stem, firm L. Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1870-1890
the pipe bowl shaped like a sitting parrot, Louis Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1890-1900
the bowl of the pipe shaped like a fish, firm Louis Fiolet, Saint-Omer, France, 1880-1900
flamboyant pipe with two dragons and colourful enamel, France, 1840-1860
the stem a twig, the bowl an apple, glazed in naturalistic colours, Félix Wingender, Chokier, Belgium, 1880-1900
the popular marseillaise, a floral pattern for the French marked, firm J. Gambier, Givet, France, 1860-1890
pipes as trains when in use the smoke comes from the chimney, Gisclon, Lille, France, 1860-1880
All objects on this page are part of the Amsterdam Pipe Museum
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