In the early twentieth century the traditional caricature printed as a separate engraving was displaced by cartoons in magazines, newspapers and other printings. These cheap papers spread the cartoon among large numbers of readers. The subject tobacco and pipes gets attention as many other topics.
Two mainstreams can be seen. The cartoons that take smoking as an attribute of the depicted person, without addressing the issue of smoking. More interesting, but scarcer as well, are prints pro or contra smoking. The first category often is political or socially engaged, the second makes a joke of smoking.
In the second half of the twentieth century a big stream of anti-smoke cartoons is launched. The subject now is less friendly, the aspect enjoyment and recreation are replaced by the socio-medical problem of addiction. Even with the portrait caricatures the aspect of anti-smoking is introduced. The pipe as an item of sympathy becomes a subject to be laughed about.
Illustrations on this page from the collections of Amsterdam Pipe Museum
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